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Preliminary   > Science and Technology   >   Innovation and New technologies   >   Innovation and New technologies

Why in news?

  • Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science or IISc have developed an analogue chipset called ARYABHAT-1.


  • ARYABHAT-1 stands for Analog Reconfigurable Technology and Bias-scalable Hardware for AI Tasks.
  • It is an analog chipset that will allow Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning apps to perform much better and faster.
  • This chipset is especially helpful for AI-based applications which deal with object or speech recognition systems, like Alexa or Siri.
  • They are also very useful in operations that require massive parallel computing at high speeds.


  • Most computing devices, be it cellphones, laptops or desktop computers use digital chips because the design process is simple and easily scalable.
  • However, the advantage of analogue is huge. For instance, in applications that don’t require precise calculations, analogue computing has the potential to outperform digital computing as the former is more energy-efficient.


Consider the following statements regarding ‘ARYABHAT-1’:

1. It will use less power as compared to digital processors used in different electronic gadgets.

2. It is developed by IISc researchers

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2