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Antimicrobial Resistance
2023 NOV   25

Antimicrobial Resistance

2023 OCT 23

Preliminary   > Science and Technology   >   Biotechnology   >   Antimicrobial resistance

Why in news?

  • World Health Organisation (WHO) released core package interventions on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).

About the Interventions

  • Interventions guide country in developing, implementing and monitoring national action plans on AMR.
  • It promotes people-centered approach {shifting from solely biological phenomenon (drug resistance)}. These interventions are based on four pillars and two foundational steps.
  • Four pillars are: Prevention of infections, Access to essential health services, Timely and accurate diagnosis and appropriate and quality-assured treatment.
  • Two Foundational steps are:
    • Effective governance, awareness and education.
    • Strategic information through surveillance and research.

About Antimicrobial Resistance

  • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of a microorganism to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it.
  • As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.
  • Irrational use of drugs, overdosing or under-dosing, self-medication, misuse of drugs, and the inappropriate use of antimicrobials etc are the leading reasons behind growth of AMR.
  • The term antibiotic resistance (AR or ABR) is a subset of AMR, as it applies to bacteria that become resistant to antibiotics.
  • Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat, requiring higher doses, or alternative medications which may prove more toxic. 
  • These approaches may also be more expensive. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are called multidrug resistant (MDR)


Key Initiatives

  • National action plan (2017) on containment of AMR focusing on One Health approach.
  • National AMR surveillance network of state medical college labs (NARS-Net) to generate quality data on AMR.
  • Global Action Plan on AMR (World Health Assembly, 2015).



How many of the following is/are cause(s) of antibiotic resistance?

  1. Lack of use of antibiotics in livestock farming.
  2. Over-prescribing of antibiotics.
  3. Lack of hygiene and poor sanitation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All the three

(d) None of these