Industry and Infrastructure > Infrastructure & Investment models > infrastructure
Why in news?
- A flagship scheme of the Digital India campaign, the ambitious BharatNet project launched to connect India’s gram panchayats with high-speed broadband has long been marred by delays.
More about the news:
- It was started in 2011 as the National Optical Fibre Network and was later renamed in 2014 as BharatNet.
- In 2012, Bharat Broadband Network Limited or BBNL - a special purpose vehicle -was set up to implement the project.
- But, over the years, it has earned a dubious reputation for missing several deadlines set by the government.
- With BBNL not delivering the desired results, the government now plans to merge BBNL with BSNL. The merger is expected to yield better synergies and coordination.
About BharatNet Project:
- It aims to provide on demand, affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households and on demand capacity to all institutions, to realise the vision of Digital India, in partnership with States and the private sector.
- The entire project is being funded by Universal service Obligation Fund (USOF), which was set up for improving telecom services in rural and remote areas of the country.
- The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to the rural India.
- It will be rolled out with the additional funding by state governments to connect all gram panchayats in India.
- The project is a Centre-State collaborative project, with the States contributing free Rights of Way for establishing the Optical Fibre Network.
- The three-phase implementation of the BharatNet project is as follows:
- The first phase envisages providing one lakh gram panchayats with broadband connectivity by laying underground optic fibre cable (OFC) lines.
- The second phase will provide connectivity to all 2,50,500 gram panchayats in the country using an optimal mix of underground fiber, fiber over power lines, radio and satellite media.
- In the third phase, state-of-the-art, future-proof network, including fiber between districts and blocks, with ring topology to provide redundancy would be created.
Consider the following statements regarding Bharat Net:
1. It is funded by Asian Development Bank loans.
2. It aims to provide broadband connectivity to all gram panchayats of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(c)Both 1 and 2
(d)Neither 1 nor 2