Council of Europe

FEB 28

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Why in news?

  • Russia's membership in the Council of Europe has been suspended after its invasion of Ukraine.

About Council of Europe:

  • The Council of Europe is an international organization founded in the wake of World War II to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
  • Founded in 1949 (Treaty of London), it has 47 member states.
  • The organization is distinct from the 27-nation European Union (EU).
  • Headquarters: Palace of Europe, Strasbourg, France. English and French are its two official languages.
  • It is an official United Nations Observer.
  • The Council of Europe cannot make binding laws, but it does have the power to enforce select international agreements reached by European states on various topics.

Conventions negotiated by the council:

  • European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
  • Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
  • Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention
  • Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, also known as the Istanbul convention

PRACTICE QUESTION

Consider the following statements on Council of Europe:

1. It is the main governing body of European Union.

2. It’s primary objective is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

Answer