Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

JUN 17

Preliminary   > Economic Development   >   Miscellaneous   >   Employment

Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for 2020-21.

More about the news:

  • It is prepared by National Statistical Office (NSO)

Key findings of the survey:

  • Unemployment Rate:
    • The unemployment rate saw a decrease of 0.6% and fell to 4.2% in 2020-21 compared with 4.8% in 2019-20.
    • This means that only 4.2% of adults who looked for jobs could not get any work in rural and urban areas of the country in 2020-21.
    • Rural areas recorded an unemployment rate of 3.3% and urban areas recorded an unemployment rate of 6.7%.
  • Labour Force Participation Rate(LFPR):
    • It is defined as the section of the working population in the age group of 16-64 in the economy currently employed or seeking employment.
    • It was 41.6% during 2020-21 compared to 40.1% in the previous year.
  • Worker-Population Ratio(WPR):
    • It is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population. It was 39.8% in 2020-21, an increase from 38.2% of the previous year.
  • Migrants:
    • Migrants are defined in the survey as a household members whose last usual place of residence, at any time in the past, was different from the present place of enumeration.
    • According to the survey, the migration rate is 28.9%.
    • The migration rate among women was 48% and 47.8% in rural and urban areas respectively.
    • PLFS says that only 4.4% of migration happened due to employment which is a drastic reduction from the 10% in 2011. Hence, this report justifies the theory of large-scale reverse migration and job losses during the pandemic.


Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) is conducted by

(a) Central Statistics Office

(b) NITI Aayog

(c) National Sample Survey Organisation

(d) National Statistical Office