Puri Heritage Corridor project

MAY 20

Preliminary   > Art and Culture   >   Architecture   >   Temple architecture

Why in news?

  • According to ASI, the Odisha state government was constructing the Puri Heritage Corridor project without proper licence in protected and controlled areas of the monument.

About Puri Heritage Corridor Project

  • Puri Heritage Corridor Project was unveiled in 2019 to transform the holy town of Puri into an international place of heritage.
  • The project includes redeveloping major portions of the holy town and in the vicinity of the Jagannath temple for visitors and tourists.
  • The project will also include revival plan for Puri lake and Musa river.

About Puri Jagannath Temple:

  • It is believed to have been constructed in the 12th century by King Anatavarman Chodaganga Deva of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty.
  • Jagannath Puri temple is called ‘Yamanika Tirtha’ where, according to the Hindu beliefs, the power of ‘Yama’, the god of death, has been nullified due to the presence of Lord Jagannath.
  • Architecture:
    • It is an amalgamation of Dravida and Nagara style architecture
    • This temple was called the “White Pagoda” and is a part of Char Dham pilgrimages (Badrinath, Dwaraka, Puri, Rameswaram).
    • There are four gates to the temple:
      • Eastern ‘Singhdwara’ which is the main gate with two crouching lions, Southern ‘Ashwadwara’, Western 'Vyaghra Dwara' and Northern ‘Hastidwara’.
      • There is a carving of each form at each gate.
    • In front of the entrance stands the Aruna stambha or sun pillar, which was originally at the Sun Temple in Konark.
  • The Puri temple is famous for its annual Ratha Yatra, or chariot festival, in which the three principal deities are pulled on huge and elaborately decorated temple cars.

PRACTICE QUESTION:

Consider the following statements:

1. It is constructed in the 12th century by King Anatavarman Chodaganga Deva of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty

2. Its architectural style is an amalgamation of Dravida and Nagara style architecture

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer